All, but four states do not have
a gun case laws, making the DU-HA a legal gun case in almost
every state. The 4 states that have gun case laws are:
Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa & Illinois. The following are the
gun case laws for the 4 states that have them.
(Approved as a legal gun case)
This is the wording of the law on
the transportation of a firearm in a motor vehicle in
The storage box that you have
designed, as it is now, meets these requirements:
It is expressly made to hold
firearms. It is fully enclosed and latched by the rear seat.
No portion of the firearm is exposed. It is fastened by the
seat latch and can only be opened after pulling on the seat
97B.045 Transportation of
Subdivison 1. Restrictions. A
person may not transport a firearm in a motor vehicle unless
the firearm is: (1) unloaded and in a gun case expressly made
to contain a firearm and the case fully encloses the firearm
by being zipped, snapped, buckled, tied or otherwise fastened,
and without any portion of the firearm exposed; (2)unloaded
and in the closed trunk of the motor vehicle; or (3) a handgun
carried in compliance with sections 624.714 and 624.715.
Acting Captain Steve Jacobson
Regional Enforcement Manager
Division of Enforcement
Click here for official Minnesota letter
New legislation went into effect November 2011 which
basically states it is now legal to carry a long gun,
uncased and unloaded, in a motor vehicle in Wisconsin at any
unless otherwise prohibited.
following links for more information:
Wisconsin ACT 51 - Firearms, Bows & Crossbows in Vehicles:
2011 Wisconsin ACT 51:
2011 Wisconsin ACT 51 - FAQ:
a legal gun "case"?
The Criminal Code refers to "a
case, firearm carrying box, shipping box, or other container."
However, the Wildlife Code is more specific, defining case as
"a container specifically designed for the purpose of housing
a gun or bow and arrow device by being zipped, snapped,
buckled, tied, or otherwise fastened with no potion of the gun
or bow and arrow device exposed."
Transporting Your Gun Legally
Here are the
answers to some commonly asked questions on transporting
firearms in Illinois.
exempted by statute, Illinois residents who acquires or
possesses firearms or firearm ammunition within the state must
have in their possession a currently valid Firearm Owner's
Identification (FOID) card issued in their name.
Following are some
of the more common questions and the answers, as provided by
the Illinois State Police and DNR Conservation Police. Answers
are meant only to give general guidance regarding transporting
firearms and ammunition. The answers do not and are not meant
to replace statutory language.
Question: How can I
legally transport a firearm on my person or in my vehicle?
Three statutory codes regulate the possession, transfer, and
transportation of firearms—the Criminal Code, the Wildlife
Code, and the Firearm Owner's Identification Act. Under
Unlawful Use of Weapons (UUW) in the Criminal Code, persons
who have been issued a valid FOID card may transport a firearm
anywhere in their vehicle or on their person as long as the
firearm is unloaded and enclosed in a case, firearm carrying
box, shipping box or other container. Firearms that are not
immediately accessible or are broken down in a non-functioning
state may also be carried or transported under the Criminal
Code. The Wildlife Code, however, is more restrictive. It
requires that all firearms transported in or on any vehicle be
unloaded and in a case.
Because of this, it is
recommended that, in order to be in compliance with all
statutes, all firearms be transported unloaded and enclosed in
a case and by persons who have a valid FOID card.
Unless specifically exempted from
UUW, a person commits a Class 4 Felony if he or she carries or
possesses a firearm contrary to the aggravated UUW law of the
Criminal Code (i.e., unlawfully carries on their person or
illegally transports a firearm in a vehicle) and one or more
of the following aggravating factors apply:
(1) The firearm possessed was
uncased, loaded and immediately accessible at the time of the
(2) The firearm possessed was
uncased, unloaded and the ammunition for the weapon was
immediately accessible at the time of the offense;
(3) Does not have a valid FOID
(4) Was previously adjudicated of
a Felony as a juvenile;
(5) Was engaged in a Misdemeanor
violation of the Cannabis Control Act or the Controlled
(6) Is a member of a street gang;
(7) Has had an order of
protection against them in the last two years;
(8) Was engaged in the commission
or attempted commission of a Misdemeanor involving the use of
violence against another person or the property of another; or
(9) Is under 21
years of age and in possession of a handgun, unless the person
is engaged in hunting activities under the Wildlife Code.
What constitutes a legal "case?"
The Criminal Code refers to "a case, firearm carrying box,
shipping box or other container." However, the Wildlife Code
is more specific, defining case as "a container specifically
designed for the purpose of housing a gun or bow and arrow
device which completely encloses such gun or bow and arrow
device by being zipped, snapped, buckled, tied or otherwise
fastened with no portion of the gun or bow and arrow device
How do the differences in these two laws
affect me for the purposes of the Unlawful Use of Weapons law?
It is recommended that persons transport
their firearms only unloaded and in a case in order to be
fully compliant with all statutes. A firearm transported in a
container other than a case while engaged in activities
covered by the Wildlife Code could subject an individual to a
charge of Class B Misdemeanor under the Wildlife Code, but
would not be considered Unlawful Use of Weapons if the
container were a "firearm carrying box, shipping box or other
container" as provided in the Criminal Code.
If I fail to zip up the case entirely, will I be guilty of a
No, as long as the firearm is unloaded and
none of the aggravating factors of the Unlawful Use of Weapons
law is present. The way to avoid this situation is to make
sure firearm cases are completely zipped or otherwise
completely fastened shut.
What is "immediately accessible?"
Answer: The test is if a
reasonable person would conclude that the firearm is located
within a relatively quick reach. It is a Class 4 Felony to
have an uncased, loaded firearm immediately accessible. It is
recommended that firearms be unloaded and enclosed in a case,
and possessed by an individual with a valid FOID card when
What is broken down in a non-functioning state?
The firearm is disassembled, making it inoperable, e.g., slide
or barrel removed.
Does a firearm have to be broken down to be legal?
No. However, it is recommended that to
transport a firearm it be unloaded and encased, and possessed
by the holder of a valid FOID card.
How can I legally transport my firearm in my Sports Utility
Vehicle (SUV), pickup truck, van, station wagon or even a
The surest way is to have the firearm unloaded and enclosed in
a case, and to make sure your FOID card is valid.
How do I transport a firearm through an
Illinois community with an ordinance that prohibits firearms
Illinois' Unlawful Use of Weapons law does
not preempt local ordinances from banning firearms. Persons
carrying or transporting firearms through such communities
could be subject to local firearm ordinances. Federal law does
attempt to provide limited protection in these circumstances,
but when transporting firearms in unfamiliar communities, it
is a good idea to check with authorities on local law.
If a nonresident is coming to Illinois to
hunt and would like to bring their firearm, how do they
legally transport it?
Nonresidents must comply with the gun case law as described
above. Additionally, the firearm must not be immediately
accessible or must be broken down in a non-functioning state.
What if I leave a firearm in my vehicle
(regardless of location) and a family member, without a valid
FOID card, is driving the vehicle without me and is stopped by
police and the firearm is found?
The law states a person must "knowingly" violate the law. The
assumption in the question is that the family member was
unaware of a firearm's presence. However, at a traffic stop,
you should expect the officer to handle the situation at face
value, take enforcement action accordingly and let the court
settle the matter. Depending on the situation, the charge
could be a Class 4 Felony. Don't put a family member in that
How can I legally transport ammunition?
Illinois law requires that residents possessing ammunition
must have a valid FOID card. Transporting an unloaded, uncased
firearm with ammunition immediately accessible is a Class 4
Felony, unless the firearm is not immediately accessible or is
broken down in a non-functioning state.
The location of ammunition being
transported, including ammunition being transported in loaded
magazines, is not regulated if the firearm is possessed or
Is it illegal to have ammunition in the case with the firearm?
No, if the firearm is unloaded and is properly enclosed in a
case and the individual possessing the firearm and ammunition
is in possession of a valid FOID card.
Can I transport a firearm in a gun rack in the back window of
Yes, if the firearm is unloaded and encased, and you are a
resident with a valid FOID card. One thing to consider-a gun
displayed in a window could invite theft.
I have a friend/relative who has a "conceal and carry" permit
issued in the state in which they reside. Is the permit
recognised in Illinois?
No. Nonresidents are subject to Illinois law, restrictions and
penalties, and should be familiar with them if the nonresident
plans to bring a firearm into the state.
What constitutes "unloaded" for a muzzle loading firearm?
(17 Ill. Admin. Code, Ch, I, Sec 660.30 - 5) provides a
definition for an unloaded muzzleloading firearm as follows:
"Removal of percussion cap or
removal of prime powder from frizzen pan with frizzen pan open
and hammer all the way down or removal of prime powder from
flashpan and wheel unwound or removal of prime powder and
match with match not lit shall constitute an unloaded
more information on transporting a firearm, contact one of the
following agencies: Illinois State Police: (217) 524-2525,
FOID office: (217) 782-7980 or go to their homepage:
//www.state.il.us/isp or Department of Natural
Resources Office of Law Enforcement: (217) 782-6431, or go to:
//dnr.state.il.us. DNR's TTY number is (217) 782-9175.
Visit the following links for more information on
Transportation of Firearms in Illinois:
483A.36 Manner of conveyance.
Gun Case Law
No person, except as
permitted by law, shall have or carry a gun in or on a
vehicle on a public highway, unless the gun is taken down or
completely contained in a securely fastened case, and its
barrels and magazines are unloaded.
A gun may be transported in an automobile without a permit
if it is carried:
(1) In a closed and fastened container;
(2) In a securely wrapped package too large to be concealed
on a person; or
(3) In a luggage or cargo compartment
that is not easily accessible to any occupants of the
[Warning: some county attorneys will apply
the "easily accessible prohibition to all three forms of
transportation even though it is statutorily applicable only
to the third]
Transporting Weapons in Iowa
There is no provision in Iowa law that provides for honoring
permits to carry issued in other states; and there is no
You may still bear arms in Iowa without a permit under
existing Iowa and federal law.
Under Iowa law, you can either carry or transport an
unloaded pistol or revolver in a vehicle inside a closed and
fastened container or securely wrapped package which is too
large to be concealed on the person or you can transport an
unloaded pistol or revolver inside a cargo or luggage
compartment where it will not be readily accessible to any
person riding in the vehicle. Notice that in the second
option, there is no requirement for the closed and fastened
container or securely wrapped package to be too large to be
concealed on the person. In other words, if you have a cargo
or luggage compartment which is not accessible by anyone in
the vehicle, the unloaded and encased handgun does not need
to be so big that it cannot be concealed on the person. The
requirement for the closed and fastened container is also
addressed in a separate section, 483A.36 (see
The applicable federal law, which appears below as 18
USC § 926A., requires the firearm to be
unloaded, and neither the firearm nor any ammunition being
transported can be readily accessible or directly accessible
from the passenger compartment of such transporting vehicle,
or in the case of a vehicle without a compartment separate
from the driver's compartment the firearm or ammunition
shall be contained in a locked container other than the
glove compartment or console. This applies to all types of
firearms and ammunition. So, to comply with this section of
federal law while transporting a firearm in a van or SUV,
you would need the firearm and/or ammunition to be in a
locked container apart from the glove compartment or
console. This requirement must be met for all states between
your home state and your state of destination.
f. A person who for any lawful purpose
carries or transports an unloaded pistol or revolver in a
vehicle inside a closed and fastened container or securely
wrapped package which is too large to be concealed on the
person or inside a cargo or luggage compartment where the
pistol or revolver will not be readily accessible to any
person riding in the vehicle or common carrier. Iowa Code
of conveyance. No person, except as permitted by law, shall
have or carry a gun in or on a vehicle on a public highway,
unless the gun is taken down or totally contained in a
securely fastened case, and its barrels and magazines are
United States Code
18 USC § 926A. Interstate
transportation of firearms
other provision of any law or any rule or regulation of a
State or any political subdivision thereof, any person who
is not otherwise prohibited by this chapter from
transporting, shipping, or receiving a firearm shall be
entitled to transport a firearm for any lawful purpose from
any place where he may lawfully possess and carry such
firearm to any other place where he may lawfully possess and
carry such firearm if, during such transportation the
firearm is unloaded, and neither the firearm nor any
ammunition being transported is readily accessible or is
directly accessible from the passenger compartment of such
transporting vehicle: Provided, That in the case of a
vehicle without a compartment separate from the driver's
compartment the firearm or ammunition shall be contained in
a locked container other than the glove compartment or
(Added Pub.L. 99-360, § 1(a), July 8, 1986, 100